By Samir Amin
Publish yr note: First released in 2006
Samir Amin, one of many 20th century's best radical intellectuals, has lived his own and political lifestyles on the intersection of varied cultures and foreign revolutionary currents - from Egypt to France to West Africa, from communism to national-liberation socialism, Maoism and eventually a mature anti-imperialism.
His memoirs aren't just a attention-grabbing own narrative yet a penetrating historical-political research, in addition to an advent to his most crucial theoretical contributions. they provide a special vantage element for looking at the operations of world capitalism and the evolution, crises and prospects of radical pursuits, specifically within the 3rd global.
This e-book can be beneficial not just to readers attracted to Amin's profoundly influential paintings or within the background of the worldwide left yet to somebody all in favour of today's around the world struggles opposed to capitalist globalization.
Read Online or Download A Life Looking Forward: Memoirs of an Independent Marxist PDF
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The crystal structures of these phases, which form the homologous series are represented by general formula: Tlm Ba2 Can–1 Cun O2(n+1)+m (m = 1, 2 and n = 1 − 6) as shown in Figs. 10. All of these oxide have a tetragonal structure at room temperature. The oxides with Tl–O mono-layers have primitive tetragonal cells, whereas the oxides with Tl–O bilayers have body-centered tetragonal cells. 1 Comparison of Bismuth and Thallium Based Cuprates Bismuth cuprates (1) Are orthorhombic (2) Show modulation in ab plane (with 4b periodicity) (3) Possibility of intergrowth of members (of the series) at the unit cell level 50 2 Crystal Structure of High Temperature Superconductors Fig.
7) The normal state transport properties are highly anisotropic. In YBCO, there is a linear dependence of the ab plane resistivity (ρab ). But the caxis resistivity (ρc ) shows a semiconducting dependence (∝1/T) for less oxygenated samples and ρc ∝ T for well oxygenated samples. ρc /ρab ∼ 30 at room temperature. Similar anisotropic behaviour is observed for other HTSCs. (8) All of them are type II superconductors. The lower critical ﬁeld Hc1 and the upper critical ﬁeld Hc2 are highly anisotropic.
41) Therefore, presence of energy gap leads to electronic heat capacity behaving n radically diﬀerent from normal metal result (Cel ∼ T ). e. 76. 42) At T = Tc , there is a jump in the heat capacity. When the temperature is reduced, the speciﬁc heat jumps to a higher value at T = Tc and then falls much more rapidly as e−Δ(0)/T for T < Tc . 5). 5 in units of αTc . 43. 45) These formulae are of a universal character. e. electron–phonon interaction was assumed to be weak (and coupling constant λ < 1).