By Mark Sandle
Mark Sandle is Lecturer in Russian and East eu background at De Montfort University.; This e-book is meant for undergraduate classes on twentieth century Soviet history/the chilly War/European history/Soviet studies/History of political thought/Marxism-Leninism. The Left.
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Extra info for A Short History Of Soviet Socialism
In particular, the tension within Marx’s writings between on the one hand the Romanticist understanding of communism—a society free from alienation, in which individuals lived in co-operative and creative communities expressing an essential unity between individuals, and individuals and nature—and on the other the essentially modernizing understanding of the transitional phase was manifested after the revolution within Bolshevism as a political movement. Many Bolsheviks were uncompromising modernizers.
1, p. 36. 79. A brief glance at Lenin’s early writings demonstrates the enormous amount of time and attention taken up with polemical disputes up until 1914. For an analysis of these writings, see Kolakowski, Main currents of Marxism, vol. Harding, Lenin’s political thought, vol. 1, ch. McLellan, Marxism after Marx (London: Macmillan, 1979), chs 5 & 7. 80. The main text for Lenin’s view of the party is the 1902 pamphlet, What is to be done? (Moscow: Progress, 1983). 81. , p. 40. 82. Schapiro The communist party of the Soviet Union (London: Methuen, 1970), chs 1–4.
Harding, Leninism (Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996), esp. ch. 6. 92. Mayer, “The Dictatorship of the Proletariat from Plekhanov to Lenin”, in Studies in East European Thought 45, 1993, pp. 255– 80. 93. Lenin, State and revolution, p. 28. 94. , pp. 28–31; 95. Note the use of Engelian language, rather than Marxist here. 96. , pp. 50–51. 97. , pp. 53–60. 98. , pp. 51–2. 99. Sakwa, “Commune democracy and Gorbachev’s reforms”, Political Studies 37(2), 1989, pp. 224–43. 100. ” in Selected works, vol. 2, pp.