A Social History of Engineering by W H G Armytage

By W H G Armytage

A Social background of Engineering exhibits how social and financial stipulations in each one age have brought about advances in engineering. There are, briefly, monetary, political, and philosophical implications in altering applied sciences. whereas the e-book starts with the Stone Age, the Greeks, and the Romans, the majority of the quantity concentrates at the 19th and 20th centuries. A Social historical past of Engineering displays Professor Armytage's certain topic zone pursuits, particularly nineteenth-century business society, radical and socialist routine, the background association, and the examine of upper and technical schooling.

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It had a large central barrel for the discharge of stones and ten surrounding barrels for discharging lead bullets of moderate size. Randolph Hatton, the Keeper of the Privy Wardrobe from 1382 to 1396 to Edward Ill's grandson and successor-Richard II, was so active in placing orders for them that 'his purchases indicate that cannon founding was becoming a considerable industry in England '. GUNPOWDER These new 'engineers' made not only the guns for garrisons at home and abroad but the gunpowder too.

D. ) was the first to list equipment for melting metals and to attempt a systematic classification of chemical substances that had been defined by experiment under the headings animal, vegetable, mineral and derivative. The production of alum was, in fact, the earliest chemical industry. As warriors the Arabs needed swords to fight with and damask for ostentatious display. Damascus supplied both, whilst Fustat, a suburb of Cairo, provided fustian. Since eye disease in tropical countries was endemic, their physicians studied eyes and lbn-alĀ­ Haitham's Optical Thesaurus (c.

Augustus appointed a board of three senators called the curatores aquarum to assume responsibility for them. Thus the senate were responsible for their maintenance, as they became also for temples and public buildings. Tiberius also appointed a senatorial commission to deal with the flooding of the Tiber. Roads too were given at first to the senate but by the Flavian period they were sustained by the imperial treasury. In no way were the Romans more ingenious (to use the word in its true Latin sense) than in building aqueducts.

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