By Andreas Kontoleon, Unai Pascual, Melinda Smale
This ebook displays present advancements within the economics of agrobiodiversity and focuses its consciousness at the function agrobiodiversity may have for fiscal improvement. As a brand new and swiftly increasing subfield on the interface of environmental/ecological, agricultural and improvement economics, the editors and members to this quantity supply a radical, established and authoritative insurance of this field.Topics coated contain the commercial modelling of agrobiodiversity, coverage and governance ideas for the conservation of biodiversity in agricultural landscapes, contracts, markets and valuation. The authors contain recognized and revered lecturers and researchers who've a true coverage viewpoint into the position of agrobiodiversity and monetary development. The e-book presents coherent and recent assurance of the economics of in-situ agrobiodiversity conservation that's to a wide volume at present absent.Though the cloth within the quantity is basically written for economists, its content material and elegance are hugely suitable and available to ecologists and conservation biologists, and to teachers from different wide disciplines which are positioned in the components of economics and ecology.
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Extra info for Agrobiodiversity, Conservation and Economic Development (Routledge Explorations in Environmental Economics) (2008)
Drawing Introduction 11 examples from comprehensive ﬁeld studies, they propose a conceptual framework to understand the economic factors that cause these species to be underutilized, classifying species with respect to market imperfections or particular market failures. Gruère et al. then identify necessary conditions for the successful commercialization of underutilized plant species that also beneﬁts poor actors in the market channel. In addition to the expansion of demand and increased eﬃciency of supply, a ‘supply control’ mechanism that differentiates the product from close substitutes, such as geographical denomination of origin based on physical attributes or mode of production, is a necessary ingredient.
Pascual and M. Smale Kontoleon, U. Pascual, and T. Swanson (eds) Biodiversity Economics: Principles, Methods and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Tisdell, C. (2003) ‘Socioeconomic causes of loss of animal genetic diversity: analysis and assessment’, Ecological Economics 45(3): 365–376. , and Perfecto, I. (1995) Breakfast of Biodiversity: The Truth about Rainforest Destruction. Oakland, CA: Food First Books. Part I Policy perspectives 2 Managing plant genetic resources for sustainable use in food and agriculture Balancing the beneﬁts in the ﬁeld Leslie Lipper and David Cooper 1 Introduction Managing plant genetic resources for sustainable use in food and agriculture is a current and pressing policy objective from the standpoints of supporting productivity, reducing poverty and protecting the environment.
These reports provide varying perspectives and depart from diﬀerent underlying paradigms. These diﬀerences are both worrying and refreshing – and they are manifested in much of the discussion around sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA). The sustainable use of genetic resources can be broadly deﬁned as the use of genetic resources in support of sustainable agriculture, which requires a system of agriculture that produces and facilitates access to suﬃcient food for all people and contributes to livelihoods and socio-economic development, 28 L.