Alienation: An Introduction to Marx's Theory by Dan Swain

By Dan Swain

We are living in an international during which human skill to rework and keep an eye on our lives hasn't ever been larger. but for many humans the realm is greatly outdoor in their keep an eye on. Their lives are dictated through the calls for of employers and politicians. this can be the phenomenon of alienation that the younger radical Karl Marx started to diagnose within the early 1840s and remained pre-occupied with all through his life.This obtainable consultant to the primary point of Marx's philosophy takes the reader throughout the improvement of the idea that and its relevence at the present time.

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The crystal structures of these phases, which form the homologous series are represented by general formula: Tlm Ba2 Can–1 Cun O2(n+1)+m (m = 1, 2 and n = 1 − 6) as shown in Figs. 10. All of these oxide have a tetragonal structure at room temperature. The oxides with Tl–O mono-layers have primitive tetragonal cells, whereas the oxides with Tl–O bilayers have body-centered tetragonal cells. 1 Comparison of Bismuth and Thallium Based Cuprates Bismuth cuprates (1) Are orthorhombic (2) Show modulation in ab plane (with 4b periodicity) (3) Possibility of intergrowth of members (of the series) at the unit cell level 50 2 Crystal Structure of High Temperature Superconductors Fig.

7) The normal state transport properties are highly anisotropic. In YBCO, there is a linear dependence of the ab plane resistivity (ρab ). But the caxis resistivity (ρc ) shows a semiconducting dependence (∝1/T) for less oxygenated samples and ρc ∝ T for well oxygenated samples. ρc /ρab ∼ 30 at room temperature. Similar anisotropic behaviour is observed for other HTSCs. (8) All of them are type II superconductors. The lower critical field Hc1 and the upper critical field Hc2 are highly anisotropic.

41) Therefore, presence of energy gap leads to electronic heat capacity behaving n radically different from normal metal result (Cel ∼ T ). e. 76. 42) At T = Tc , there is a jump in the heat capacity. When the temperature is reduced, the specific heat jumps to a higher value at T = Tc and then falls much more rapidly as e−Δ(0)/T for T < Tc . 5). 5 in units of αTc . 43. 45) These formulae are of a universal character. e. electron–phonon interaction was assumed to be weak (and coupling constant λ < 1).

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