By David R. Mares, Harold A. Trinkunas
Aspirational Power examines Brazil as a emerging strength. It explains Brazil’s predilection for smooth energy via a historic research of Brazil’s 3 earlier makes an attempt to accomplish significant energy prestige, every one of which formed its current process. although Brazil’s efforts to upward push have fallen brief it is going to proceed to aim to beat the stumbling blocks to its upward thrust, even if these hindrances are family or international.
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Additional info for Aspirational Power: Brazil on the Long Road to Global Influence
Brazilian elites saw themselves as part of European civilization, not of Latin America, and they looked to the old world for culture, science, and education. 9 This encouraged Brazil’s diplomats to focus on Brazil’s Eu ropean trading partners— Great Britain, France, and Germany—in their foreign policy. These trading powers were vital to Brazil’s integration into the global economy, which occurred on terms that discouraged development of the technologies and industries associated with great powers.
Its modest economic and military capabilities have made it difficult for it to fend off international pressure, particularly when applied at times of domestic crisis. How has Brazil sought to overcome the gap between its ambitions and its capabilities? It has seized opportunities provided by crises in the international order to amplify the impact of its diplomacy. Even before Joseph Nye formulated the concept of soft power, Brazil was a prominent exponent of the practice. It has positioned itself internationally as a proponent of equality among nations, of international law, and of the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
It has tried to revise current norms to favor developing states more explicitly, such as reinforcing the norm of sovereign equality or making demands that great powers follow the rules. These revisionist aspects of Brazil’s foreign policy therefore have posed challenges to incumbent great power preferences. Clearly the incumbent great powers do not all share the same allegiance to liberal security and political, economic, and social principles: witness the contrasting approaches of the United States, France, Great Britain, and China.