By John J. White
Brecht's Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches (Fear and distress of the 3rd Reich) provides a compelling documentary photo of existence in Nazi Germany. shut readings of person scenes are observed via an in depth research in their position in the play's total constitution. opposite to the belief that it's a paintings of Aristotelian realism, Brecht is proven to hire covert alienation units which are an essential component of his literary crusade opposed to 3rd Reich Germany. this primary examine in English as regards to Brecht and fascism bargains a corrective to the overconcentration at the play's creative features. It considers Brecht's courting to the preferred Front's crusade opposed to the nationwide Socialist regime. consciousness is paid to the play's genesis, and when it comes to the English model from Brecht's exile interval, the personal lifetime of the grasp Race, to the partial shift in concentration from the 3rd Reich of 1933-38 to the battle expected within the unique Furcht und Elend cycle. The play's crucial topic of resistance, its propaganda worth, and its political and creative reception are addressed inside of their historic and ideological framework. the result's a tough evaluation of the play's strengths and boundaries as a reaction to German totalitarianism.
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Additional resources for Bertolt Brecht's Furcht und Elend des Dritten Reiches: A German Exile Drama in the Struggle against Fascism (Studies in German Literature Linguistics and Culture)
Die Sozialdemokratie [rückt] immerfort von den Kommunisten [ab], wenn sie die sozialistischen Ideale propagieren” (BFA 22:587; Social Democracy sacrifices the nation. [. ] Social Democ- 12 Neither Brecht’s nor the Comintern’s interpretation finds support nowadays. Dimitrov’s equation of fascism with capitalism and Brecht’s emphasis on the petty bourgeoisie have been superseded by recent research, especially Nicos Poulantzas, Fascism and Dictatorship: The Third International and the Problem of Communism, trans.
Sie sind also nicht revolutionär, sondern konservativ. Noch mehr, sie sind reaktionär, sie suchen das Rad der Geschichte zurückzudrehen. (MEW 4:461) [Of all the classes that stand face to face with the bourgeoisie today, the proletariat alone is a really revolutionary class. The other classes decay and finally disappear in the face of modern industry; the proletariat is its special and essential product. The lower middle class, the small manufacturer, the shopkeeper, the artisan, the peasant, all these fight against the bourgeoisie, to save from extinction their existence as fractions of the middle class.
35 Evidently impressed by the approach taken in that milestone work of political documentation, Brecht declared: “Jetzt muß man natürlich mit um so größerer Wucht die gerichtsnotorische Brüchigkeit der Grundlage der Kommunistenverfolgung darlegen” (BFA 28:399; Now of course we must put more energy than ever into exposing the notoriously shaky juridical foundation of the anticommunist campaign: BBL 154). (“Brüchigkeit,” or “fragility,” was a term he would go on to use for the state of the Third Reich’s military machine [BFA 29:110]).