Capturing the German eye : American visual propaganda in by Cora Sol Goldstein

By Cora Sol Goldstein

Shedding new gentle at the American crusade to democratize Western Germany after international conflict II, Capturing the German Eye uncovers the significance of cultural coverage and visible propaganda to the U.S. occupation.

        Cora Sol Goldstein skillfully conjures up Germany’s political weather among 1945 and 1949, including an unforeseen measurement to the war of words among the USA and the USSR. in this interval, the yank occupiers actively vied with their Soviet opposite numbers for keep an eye on of Germany’s visible tradition, deploying movie, images, and the high-quality arts whereas censoring photographs that contradicted their political messages. Goldstein finds how this U.S. cultural coverage in Germany was once formed through 3 significant elements: pageant with the USSR, worry of alienating German voters, and American family politics. Explaining how the americans used pictures to discredit the Nazis and, later, the Communists, she illuminates the instrumental function of visible tradition within the fight to seize German hearts and minds on the creation of the chilly war.

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Truman, who had succeeded President Roosevelt on April 12, was shown film footage of the liberation of the camps and authorized the visits. S. 17 The bipartisan committee visited Buchenwald in Saxony, Nordhausen in Thüringen, and Dachau in Bavaria. On April 24, 1945, the committee arrived in Buchenwald accompanied by Brigadier General John M. Weir, Colonels Robert H. Thompson and John A. Hall, and a group of photographers. They toured Dora at Nordhausen on May 1 and Dachau on May 2—a scant forty-eight hours after the first American troops entered the camp.

They are shown later amidst the gruesome remnants of the camp. Then the camera is turned to register expressions. Their faces are twisted with revulsion at what they have seen. 31 Similar forced viewings occurred in other camps. Wöbellin, in the outskirts of Ludwigslust, was liberated by units of the 82nd Airborne Division. General James Gavin, the division commander, ordered all residents of the town older than ten to visit the camp, where they were shown around by armed GIs. Lieutenant Colonel Edward F.

Army launched its confrontation policy. The policy seems to have had five aims. First, it forced the German public to witness the evidence of Nazi criminality. Second, it challenged the Nazi narrative of the war. Third, it attempted to make Germans feel responsible for abetting the Nazi regime. Fourth, it tried to replace feelings of victimhood with a sense of culpability. And fifth, it made Germans recognize the new structure of power. Germans were defeated, occupied, and subject to the whims of the occupying powers.

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