Challenging Paradigms: Buddhism and Nativism: Framing by Henk Blezer

By Henk Blezer

Anyplace Buddhism spreads, it additionally sparks neighborhood id discourses that body the neighborhood in Buddhist discourse. Buddhism and Nativism deals a comparative research of localising responses to Buddhism in numerous Buddhist environments in Japan, Korea, Tibet, India and Bali.

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In the sense that all deities in the divine land of Japan were manifestations of Buddhist divinities in changed form, kami and buddhas were, in essence, identical. Within a dual-structured cosmology that divides the universe between ‘this world’ and ‘the other world’, the notion that the buddhas from a world beyond manifest themselves as a kami in this world constituted the very framework of the concept of shinkoku during the Middle Ages. THE COSMOLOGY OF MEDIEVAL DIETIES Why did the buddhas manifest themselves in Japan in the form of kami?

Saugestadt, Sidsel (2001), “The Inconvenient Indigenous: Remote Area Development in Botswana, Donor Assistance and the First People of the Kalahari”, Uppsala: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet 2001. Smith, Jonathan Z. (1982), “In Comparison a Magic Dwells”, in Imagining Religion: From Babylon to Jonestown, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1982. Stewart, Charles, and, Shaw, Rosalind (1994), Syncretism/Anti-Syncretism: The Politics of Religious Synthesis, London: Routledge, 1994. Tambiah, Stanley J.

However, such a notion would never have been accepted in medieval Japan, where all sought salvation after death and where concern with the ‘other world’ permeated the whole of society. The exclusive emphasis on ‘this world’, expressed so directly and openly by Toda Mosui and accepted without question by society, represents a worldview that matured only in the Edo period (1600–1868). It signals a radical secularisation of society and a marginalisation of otherworldly concerns. The final rise to intellectual hegemony of Confucianism, which attaches supreme value to secular values pertaining to life in this world, further strengthened this trend.

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