Chien-Shiung Wu: Pioneering Nuclear Physicist (Makers of by Richard Hammond

By Richard Hammond

Born in China in 1912, Chien-shiung Wu got here to the us to check physics on the collage of California at Berkeley. Madame Wu, as she was once known as, was once the most individual girls physicists of her time, and served because the first woman president of the yank actual Society within the Nineteen Seventies.

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Extra resources for Chien-Shiung Wu: Pioneering Nuclear Physicist (Makers of Modern Science)

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This is because the radioactive materials were made as a film of copper sulfate (CuSO4) that covers a slide, and in order to get many electrons, this film had to be thick. This, Wu suspected, was the problem. Thick sources were used in order to get a large enough number of electrons to measure, but they are what caused the energy losses to the electrons. After the War 47 Wu’s solution to this conundrum was to eschew the existing spectrometer. She had already redesigned other spectrometers and was no stranger to ingenuity and hard work.

Lawrence did not waste time in spreading the word that an exceptionally talented physicist was looking for a research faculty position. In no time, Wu had offers from Princeton, Berkeley, and other institutions, but her choice was easy. In order to be with Yuan, she accepted the offer from Princeton University. In this photo, taken at Smith College in 1942, Wu is assembling an electrostatic generator. (AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives) 34 Chien-shiung Wu The circumstances there, however, were puzzling to Wu.

Going in the opposite direction of the electric field that made it speed up, which will slow it back down. Lawrence had the idea to switch the polarity of the electric field at precisely the time the particle goes halfway around. This changes the direction of the electric field so that it continues to speed up the particle. By repeatedly switching the electric field in this way, the particle will continuously speed up. This was just a theory, though. The question remained if it could be built and would work.

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