By Lucy Taylor
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It is a comparability of the method of democratization in Chile and Argentina. using types of citizenship, the ebook examines the influence of constitutional swap, institutional improvement and participation in either political events and social events from the point of view of the citizen. It unearths that citizen participation, as soon as ruled by way of the welfare version, has been more suitable by means of the individualism linked to neo-liberalism on the subject of neighborhood, social matters yet that elite relationships dominate political job within the formal political enviornment.
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Additional resources for Citizenship, Participation and Democracy: Changing Dynamics in Chile and Argentina
In celebrating difference and the personal attainment of personal Utopias, neo-liberalists project a heady and thrilling vision of individual possibilities but see social constructs and economic differences as being either irrelevant or 'natural'. As such they reject the validity of socio-economic rights. These rights skew the 'pure' interaction between citizens in that they force some, through taxation, to give up the wealth which they have accrued through the use of their talents and give an unfair advantage to others.
In Argentina, a country where ideology was largely irrelevant and which had endured sustained physical and political conflict, it would be repression, eradication and forced reorientation that would be employed. The models of citizenship which were to be utilized complemented these projects. The Chilean polity would be regulated through neo-liberal citizen/state and citizen/governor relationships while the citizens of Argentina would be controlled through relationships based on the elite model of citizenship.
In the face of a business and industrial class severely concerned and disgruntled by nationalization, Allende had been attempting to calm their fears and to defuse the situation. Some workers and peasants, however, frustrated by the relatively slow pace of reform, took matters into their own hands, occupying factories or land in the name of the government's project. These takeovers fuelled the flames of the right and encouraged further political participation of the capital-owning elites. Moreover, among the citizenry themselves increased organization and mobilization on the left 34 Citizenship, Participation and Democracy sparked organization and mobilization among the middle classes and the right.