Combating Trafficking in Persons: A Handbook for by United Nations

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Additional resources for Combating Trafficking in Persons: A Handbook for Parliamentarians (United Nations Office at Vienna)

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Provide legal aid assistance to victims of trafficking, as recommended, for example, by Bosnia and Herzegovina’s 2005-2007 State Action Plan for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings. • Encourage victims of trafficking to testify by protecting their safety and security (and that of any witnesses) at all stages of the legal proceedings, as recommended, for example, by the African Union’s 2006 Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings, Especially Women and Children. • Assign a special prosecutor to deal with cases of trafficking in persons, as recommended, for example, by Greece’s 2006 National Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings.

The definitions discussed below are important. Victim of trafficking In many cases, the victims of trafficking may not readily identify themselves as such. For example, individuals tricked into forced labour through the imposition of extortive “fees” may require education, or those who are psychologically attached to a sex trafficker as a “boyfriend” may require counselling before they understand that they are being exploited and their human rights violated. It is therefore important for State guidelines to provide formal mechanisms to screen potential trafficking victims.

B)). A human rights approach to trafficking in persons is one that recognizes the trafficked person as a victim entitled to human rights. The OHCHR Recommended Principles and Guidelines on Human Rights and Human Trafficking provide that: “Violations of human rights are both a cause and a consequence of trafficking in persons. Accordingly, it is essential to place the protection of all human rights at the centre of any measures taken to prevent and end trafficking. 2 Identifying victims of trafficking Critically, the first step towards recognizing trafficked persons as victims entitled to human rights protection is their identification as such.

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