By John L. Hennessy
This best-selling identify, thought of for over a decade to be crucial analyzing for each critical scholar and practitioner of desktop layout, has been up to date all through to deal with an important developments dealing with laptop designers this present day. during this variation, the authors convey their trademark approach to quantitative research not just to excessive functionality laptop laptop layout, but additionally to the layout of embedded and server structures. they've got illustrated their ideas with designs from all 3 of those domain names, together with examples from purchaser electronics, multimedia and internet applied sciences, and excessive functionality computing.
The e-book keeps its hugely rated positive aspects: Fallacies and Pitfalls, which proportion the hard-won classes of genuine designers; ancient views, which supply a deeper examine machine layout historical past; placing all of it jointly, which current a layout instance that illustrates the rules of the bankruptcy; labored Examples, which problem the reader to use the recommendations, theories and techniques in smaller scale difficulties; and Cross-Cutting matters, which convey how the guidelines coated in a single bankruptcy engage with these awarded in others. furthermore, a brand new characteristic, one other View, offers short layout examples in a single of the 3 domain names except the single selected for placing all of it Together.
The authors current a brand new association of the cloth in addition, lowering the overlap with their different textual content, machine association and layout: A Hardware/Software method 2/e, and delivering extra in-depth therapy of complex issues in multithreading, guideline point parallelism, VLIW architectures, reminiscence hierarchies, garage units and community technologies.
Also new to this variation, is the adoption of the MIPS sixty four because the guide set structure. as well as numerous on-line appendixes, new appendixes can be published within the booklet: one features a whole evaluation of the fundamental suggestions of pipelining, the opposite presents strategies a range of the workouts. either may be useful to the coed or expert studying on her personal or within the lecture room.
Hennessy and Patterson proceed to target basic recommendations for designing actual machines and for maximizing their cost/performance.
* offers cutting-edge layout examples including:
* IA-64 structure and its first implementation, the Itanium
* Pipeline designs for Pentium III and Pentium IV
* The cluster that runs the Google seek engine
* EMC garage structures and their performance
* Sony Playstation 2
* Infiniband, a brand new garage zone and method zone network
* SunFire 6800 multiprocessor server and its processor the UltraSPARC III
* Trimedia TM32 media processor and the Transmeta Crusoe processor
* Examines quantitative functionality research within the advertisement server industry and the embedded marketplace, in addition to the normal machine market.
Updates all of the examples and figures with the newest benchmarks, resembling SPEC 2000.
* Expands assurance of guideline units to incorporate descriptions of electronic sign processors, media processors, and multimedia extensions to machine processors.
* Analyzes ability, rate, and function of disks over decades.
Surveys the position of clusters in clinical computing and advertisement computing.
* offers a survey, taxonomy, and the benchmarks of error and screw ups in desktop systems.
* offers distinctive descriptions of the layout of garage platforms and of clusters.
* Surveys reminiscence hierarchies in sleek microprocessors and the most important parameters of contemporary disks.
* offers a thesaurus of networking terms.
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Additional resources for Computer Architecture - A Quantitative Approach(clean)
The basic idea behind pipelining, which is explained in more detail in Appendix A and a major focus of Chapter 3, is to overlap the execution of instructions, so as to reduce the total time to complete a sequence of instructions. Viewed from the perspective of the CPU performance equation, we can think of pipelining as reducing the CPI by allowing instructions that take multiple cycles to overlap. A key insight that allows pipelining to work is that not every instruction depends on its immediate predecessor, and thus, executing the instructions completely or partially in parallel may be possible.
11 shows. Benchmark Name Benchmark description Business Winstone 99 Runs a script consisting of Netscape Navigator, and several office suite products (Microsoft, Corel, WordPerfect). The script simulates a user switching among and running different applications. High-end Winstone 99 Also simulates multiple applications running simultaneously, but focuses on compute intensive applications such as Adobe Photoshop. CC Winstone 99 Simulates multiple applications focused on content creation, such as Photoshop, Premiere, Navigator, and various audio editing programs.
These are all now maintained by Ziff Davis, a publisher of much of the literature in the PC space. Ziff Davis also provides independent testing service. com/etestinglabs/filters/benchmarks/. Desktop Benchmarks Desktop benchmarks divide into two broad classes: CPU intensive benchmarks and graphics intensive benchmarks (although many graphics benchmarks include intensive CPU activity). SPEC originally created a benchmark set focusing on CPU performance (initially called SPEC89), which has evolved into its fourth generation: SPEC CPU2000, which follows SPEC95, and SPEC92.