Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of by Charles Goodman

By Charles Goodman

To many Westerners, the main attractive teachings of the Buddhist culture pertain to ethics. Many readers have drawn concept from Buddhism's emphasis on compassion, nonviolence, and tolerance, its quandary for animals, and its versions of advantage and self-cultivation. there was, even if, controversy and confusion approximately which Western moral theories resemble Buddhist perspectives and in what respects. during this ebook, Charles Goodman illuminates the kin among Buddhist thoughts and Western moral theories. each model of Buddhist ethics, says Goodman, takes the welfare of sentient beings to be the single resource of ethical responsibilities. Buddhist ethics can hence be acknowledged to be in accordance with compassion within the feel of a motivation to pursue the welfare of others. in this interpretation, the elemental foundation of a few of the types of Buddhist ethics is equal to that of the welfarist family members of moral theories that analytic philosophers name 'consequentialism.' Goodman makes use of this speculation to light up quite a few questions. He examines the 3 kinds of compassion practiced in Buddhism and argues for his or her implications for very important concerns in utilized ethics, in particular the justification of punishment and the query of equality.

Show description

Read Online or Download Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics PDF

Best eastern books

Liberation As Affirmation: The Religiosity of Zhuangzi And Nietzsche (S U N Y Series in Chinese Philosophy and Culture)

Makes use of the concept that of religiosity to problem conventional perspectives of Nietzsche and Zhuangzi as nihilistic and anti-religious.

Vimuttimagga and Visuddhimagga

This comparative research explores the relation among the Vimuttimagga and Visuddhimagga, the trail of Freedom and the trail of Purification, either classical meditation manuals of the Theravada culture. The Vimuttimagga, extant as an entire purely in a chinese language translation, and in part in Tibetan quotations, is mostly considered as the predecessor of the Visuddhimagga.

A Western Approach to Zen

Satori is a level alongside the way in which, a gateless gate that has to be entered at the route to enlightenment. With profound idea and consummate compassion, the founding father of the Buddhist Society in London invitations critical scholars of religious evolution to take advantage of Western innovations to accomplish satori, the adventure of solidarity and divinity in all facets of being.

Sources of Vietnamese tradition

Resources of Vietnamese culture offers a necessary consultant to 2 thousand years of Vietnamese background and a entire review of the society and nation of Vietnam. Strategic decisions light up key figures, concerns, and occasions whereas development a thematic portrait of the country's constructing territory, politics, tradition, and family members with friends.

Additional resources for Consequences of Compassion: An Interpretation and Defense of Buddhist Ethics

Example text

Sidgwick 1981, pp. 10–11. 17 The distinction between agent-relative and agent-neutral theories is found in Parfit 1984, p. 55. 46 Consequences of Compassion to neglect the people she cares about most in order to benefit people she may never even have met. For example, Peter Singer argues that a genuinely moral agent living in a rich country under modern conditions should definitely give a very substantial portion of her income to alleviate the suffering of famine victims. 18 Virtue ethicists, by contrast, reject such extreme demands.

After incinerating all major human cities, they will depart for their home planet, leaving Joe behind, and, again, not return for a hundred years or more. Joe knows these facts, and he does not wish to be tortured to death by space aliens. Moreover, he also knows that, since he lives in a small town, he will survive the incineration of the cities. He refuses to go with the aliens. What should the president do? Kant’s view seems to imply that since Joe refuses to consent, if the president orders the army to seize him by force and hand him over to the aliens, the president will be using Joe as a mere means to save the lives of half of humanity.

Given the terribly damaging effects of chemical weapons, it seems that the rule that forbids them, if universally followed, would have better consequences than one permitting their use. If George is a rule-consequentialist, then he may be off the hook: he can probably consider himself obligated not to take the horrifying job he has been offered. Similarly, the case of the Inhospitable Hospital shows that a general policy of carving up healthy patients for spare parts would probably not, if universally followed by doctors, lead to better consequences; it might well cause the majority of relatively healthy people to avoid hospitals, thus producing a catastrophe.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.39 of 5 – based on 43 votes