By Wolfgang U Dressler
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This book version: July 2015 (v. 1. 0).
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Extra info for Contemporary Morphology
Je m'en tiendrai ici aux arguments empiriques, ayant developpe ailleurs des arguments theoriques contre les modeles dissociatifs 8 . 1. Premier type de distorsion: non-conformite apparente de l'interpretation semantique ä la structure morphologique Le type le plus evident de distorsion apparente est celui ou l'interpretation semantique parait ne pas etre conforme ä la structure morphologique du mot construit. Je prendrai deux exemples, qui illustrent deux fapons de resoudre le probleme. 1 Four che tie a pour structure morphologique (2a), done pour sens predictible (2b)9, mais pour sens atteste (2c): (2a) b) c) [[fourche]N(ette)af]N SP « petite fourche » (cf.
As the domain of grammar defined by contextual variation of signs ( = alternation). Because this is an area of the theory of grammar that has not been sufficiently investigated, any assertions must necessarily be tentative. Thus, chiasmus as a typical form of semiosis in morphophonemics may ultimately turn out to pertain to stem alternation but not to the contextual variants of desinences (cf. Andersen 1980a: 4 3 - 4 4 ) . 5 To a significant extent, of course, this whole way of looking at linguistic coherence turns on the determination of the markedness values themselves — not always an easy or straight-forward task for learners as well as analysts.
First, the domain is essentially finite. Therefore in principle learners could simply memorize all alternations. Thus, there can be no genuine "poverty of the stimulus" problem. This deprives morphophonemics of the need for a principles-and-parameters approach. However, an SPE-based approach to morphophonemics introduces opacity (through extrinsic rule ordering), and abstract elements (through absolute neutralizations). This poses a learnability problem which has never been seriously tackled. Consider the concrete case of Slavic.