The Carnivalization of Politics: Quebec Cartoons on by Raymond N. Morris

By Raymond N. Morris

Examining cartoons released among 1960 and 1979, Morris exhibits how the artists handled specific facets of Quebec's political adventure. He appears at Berthio's drawings on Queen Elizabeth's stopover at and Dupras's on President de Gaulle's; Girerd's and Berthio's on Quebec-Ottawa family; Girerd's at the referendum crusade; and Girerd's and Aislin's at the English minority in Quebec. He issues out routine tensions, oppositions, and institutions and analyses them from a sociological standpoint. one in every of Morris's significant targets is to raised comprehend the framework by which principles awarded in cartoons are filtered to their viewers, targeting the metaphors that underlie the body, message, content material, and kind of the cartoons. Morris argues that the carnivalization of political figures and occasions, wherein the social constitution is ironically inverted and society's values and taboos are exaggerated till they develop into ridiculous, is a crucial metaphor governing Quebec cartoons of this era. He additionally explores the metaphor of the family members, with England and France as grandparents, Canada and Quebec as mom and dad, and the official-language minorities as children.

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As children in the carnival metaphor, they would kill their parents, destroy the rigid regime, and establish a new flexible society. Finally, the federalists occupy the special situation of the baby. They sit across the gutter and hide under grandmother's skirts. The baby has a special close attachment to her, but plays no significant part in family conflicts. Baby is too young to understand, less subject to social restrictions, and is thought amusing or cute when committing social indiscretions.

Finally, de Gaulle offers protection (in 3 of 3), while Johnson accepts it (in 3 of 3) for himself or the Queen. As head of the Quebec household, Daniel Johnson is shown as cunning and instrumental in welcoming de Gaulle. The crowd, in white, are the young, innocent children. 42. Carnivalization of Politics The most conspicuously carnivalesque theme in these cartoons is the reversal of power and respect between anglophones and francophones, which occurs at least seven times: the Queen is offered head-to-toe protection; the RCMP fears that it needs protection in Quebec; Prince Philip mutters obscenities in response to the Queen's imperiousness; confederation is a rickety house that would collapse if Quebec withdrew its support; Daniel Johnson is important enough to call President de Gaulle, but Lyndon Johnson is not.

The Quebec government continually sought to be an equal partner with Canada in diplomatic relations with French-language countries and to have the right to sign treaties for economic cooperation and cultural exchanges with other francophone nations. Ottawa strenuously resisted these encroachments and was reluctant to delegate its prerogatives to any province. But this cartoon takes the battle one stage beyond equality: to meet the security fears about the Queen's visit, the provincial premier appropriates the authority to give orders to the federal police.

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